Symptoms and Treatment of Bunions
Medically known as hallux valgus, bunions are an extremely common foot condition that involves the formation of a bony growth at the base of the big toe. This growth is the foot’s natural response to being pushed too tightly against the other toes, leading to a protrusion of the joint along the inner curve of the foot.
Bunion Causes to Be Aware Of
Many individuals who develop bunions will notice that they slowly worsen over time. This is most often a result of using improper footwear that is too narrow. When the space between the toes is constricted, they will begin to press tightly against one another. This pressure can often lead to structural changes of the foot, including the formation of bunions, bunionettes, and more.
It is also possible for bunions to develop due to a congenital structural defect of the foot. Many people who have a family history of such defects and deformities are significantly more likely to inherit a similar condition of the foot. Those who put repeated stress on their feet or who have arthritis of the feet are also inclined to encounter bunions at some point in their life.
What Are the Signs & Symptoms?
Aside from the appearance of a bump along the inside of the foot, individuals with bunions may also notice:
- Pain and tenderness of the area that worsens as the bunion grows larger
- Restricted mobility of the big toe that may lead to difficulty when walking
- Development of a callus or corn along the bunion
- Stiffness in the big toe
Non-Surgical Bunion Treatment
Many people can manage their bunions and prevent them from worsening by utilizing cushioned foot pads, orthotic inserts, and better footwear that does not crowd the toes. Anti-inflammatory medications can also be used to help reduce swelling of the area, and regularly applying ice can often provide similar relief.
Bunion Correction Surgery in Natchitoches, LA
Unfortunately, it is not possible to completely remove or reverse a developed bunion without corrective surgery. Dr. Angelo Morreale will be able to determine the severity of your bunions and whether or not they require more advanced treatment during a physical examination. Dr. Morreale may also choose to take X-ray images of the foot if needed to visualize its internal structure.